Faculty of Languages and Arts, State University of Surabaya
The urbanization process taking place in the metropolitan Surabaya causes the blurring of physical boundaries due to the migration and mixture of ethnic groups in a new housing in the suburbs. The suburbs alone are an integral part of the great metropolitan areas. In this urbanization process, there grows a prismatic society in which people frequently experience cultural negotiations and anxieties brought about by interactions with new values, norms, and social demands. The study was based on a participant observation and interviews with competent subjects. This study revealed four points concerning the adapting strategy applied by prismatic society in a new housing. First, in a prismatic society at KBD Gresik Housing, the poly-functional principle applies where traditional and moderchn values exist simultaneously. Second, the selection of the application of specific norms and general rules tend to be dynamic. Third, in terms of achieving the source of role, power, wealth or prestige, people tend to employ the principles of merit and is supported with the principles of ascription—and not vice versa. And fourth, in a prismatic society, their language behavior is quite diverse and complicated. Then, prismatic society relies not only on a generic culture, but also constructs and reproduces the differential culture.
Key words: urbanization process, construction and reproduction of culture, prismatic society, a new housing